The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) as adopted by the EU and with application of RFR 1 – Supplementary Accounting Rules for Groups. The annual report for the Parent Company has been prepared in accordance with the Swedish Annual Accounts Act (Årsredovisningslagen (1995:1554)) and with application of RFR 2 – Accounting for Legal Entities. The most important accounting policies applied are specified below. Unless stated otherwise, these are unchanged compared with preceding years. New or revised IFRSs and IFRIC interpretations have not had any effect on the Group’s or Parent Company’s result of operations or position. Similarly, the assessment has been made that decided, forthcoming rules will not have any effect on the Group’s or Parent Company’s result of operations or position.
Principles of consolidation
Industrivärden is classified as an Investment Entity and as such does not consolidate certain subsidiaries. Subsidiaries that serve in a supporting function for the Parent Company are consolidated in accordance with the acquisition method, while subsidiaries and associated companies that are investments (portfolio companies) are not consolidated, but are stated on a continuing basis at fair value.
Parent company reporting
The Parent Company reports shares in subsidiaries at cost, while associated companies and other holdings are carried at market value. The capital gain or loss generated upon the sale of shares is calculated accordingly.
The Group’s and Parent Company’s functional currency is Swedish kronor (SEK), which is also the reporting currency. Transactions in foreign currency are translated to the functional currency using the exchange rates in effect on the transaction date. Assets and liabilities in foreign currency are translated to the functional currency using the exchange rate in effect on the balance sheet date.
Dividend income from equities
Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the dividend has been determined.
In 2017, shares were received in Essity, which are reported as revenue of SEK 16,120 M in the income statement on the line Change in value of stocks, etc. The corresponding expense corresponding to the negative change in the value of SCA shares is reported on the same line.
Reporting of financial assets and liabilities
Financial assets and liabilities are classified in the following measurement categories: financial assets and liabilities at amortized cost, and financial assets and liabilities at fair value through profit and loss. The classification of financial assets is based on the Company’s business model for asset management and the assets’ contractual terms. Industrivärden reports all holdings of listed equities in the income statement. Purchases and sales of financial instruments are reported as per the transaction date.
The exchangeable bond, which is issued in SEK, consists of a host contract in the form of a bond and an issued option to either repay the loan with shares in ICA Gruppen or in cash.
The host contract was initially measured at fair value and thereafter at amortized cost using the effective interest method. This means that the loan is indexed over its term at nominal value. This indexing is recognized as a change in value in the income statement. The option component is measured on a continuing basis at fair value in the income statement in the item Change in value of stocks, etc. Transaction costs are allocated over the term of the bond and are included in the change in value recognized in the income statement.
Issued stock options
Option premiums received are booked as a liability and are deducted from premiums paid upon repurchase. If an issued option expires without being exercised, the premium is recognized as income. Upon exercise of an issued option, the premium increases the exercise price upon the sale of shares or reduces the exercise price upon the purchase of shares. On the balance sheet date, the market value of issued options is determined, and the difference between the market value and provisioned premiums is recognized in income. The outstanding options are carried on the balance sheet as other current liabilities.
Cash and cash equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents include – in addition to cash and bank balances – short-term financial investments with remaining terms of less than three months.
Property, plant and equipment
Property, plant and equipment is reported at cost less accumulated depreciation and any impairment losses. Depreciation is recognized on a straight-line basis over the asset’s estimated useful life, which estimated to be three to five years. Estimation of an asset’s residual value and useful life is done yearly.
The Group has both defined contribution and defined benefit pension plans. Costs for defined contribution pension plans are expensed in pace with payment of premiums. Defined benefit pension plans with Alecta are reported as defined contribution plans, since insufficient information is available to report these as defined benefit plans. No current employees have defined benefit plans. The pension liability refers to defined benefit pension obligations, calculated annually for the Group in accordance with IAS 19 with the assistance of an independent actuary. All changes in the pension liability are recognized immediately when they arise. Service and interest costs are recognized in the income statement, while remeasurements such as of actuarial gains and losses are recognized in other comprehensive income.
Long-term incentive program
Industrivärden’s long-term incentive programs are cashsettled programs in which the employees can invest a certain portion of their base salary in Industrivärden stock, and after three years receive performance and matching shares, provided that they are still employed. For more information about the programs, see Note 6 in the Annual Report 2018. The cost of the programs is allocated over their respective terms and is reported under the item Management cost. The liability for the programs is remeasured at fair value in connection with each book-closing. Industrivärden has entered into a share swap to limit the cost. The share swap is remeasured on a continuing basis at fair value, and the change in value is reported under the item Management cost.